My philosophical interests are varied, but I specialize in Philosophy of Mind and Epistemology. My work explores the role of similarity-based signs like icons and diagrams in both conscious experience and logical reasoning. I am especially intrigued by the idea that the mind sometimes knows the world by resembling it. My methods are analytic, but I venture into pragmatism and phenomenology, insofar as these connect with current cognitive science. I have just published a book with Springer titled Consciousness and the Philosophy of Signs.
I have two PhDs — one in Philosophy of Mind from York University in Toronto and another in Philosophy of Signs from the University of Quebec in Montreal (I wrote the Oxford University bibliography on “Semiotics,” which is arguably the least-known branch of philosophy ending in “-ics”). I did my post-doctoral work at the University of Helsinki, where I collaborated on a philosophical project called Diagrammatic Mind: Logical and Communicative Aspects of Iconicity. I have taught philosophy and psychology at York University and Trent University.